May 14, 2007
It’s a Mother’s Day story with a twist…and a happy ending.
|Rescuers gather around the cub as Elina Garrison holds her.
FWC photos by Karen Parker
A sow bear and her cub are resting comfortably after a concerted effort to
capture both animals Sunday.
The Florida Fish and Wildlife Conservation Commission (FWC) responded to reports
of an injured bear with a cub in the Osceola National Forest. The bear had been
caught up in the fire that raged through the forest last week.
When the bear capture team arrived on scene on private timber land, off Sand
Hill Road in northeastern Columbia County, the sow was at the base of a tall
pine tree. The cub had climbed about 65 feet up the tree.
Three FWC biologists and the FWC veterinarian assessed the situation and decided
to sedate the sow and determine how badly she was injured.
Dr. Mark Cunningham, FWC veterinarian, and Jim Garrison, lead biologist at Camp
Blanding Wildlife Management Area, approached the sow. She watched them intently
but didn’t move.
The first dart hit a tree. On the second try, Cunningham tranquilized the sow,
and after 15 minutes, the bear laid her head on the ground, asleep. The bear was
loaded onto a stretcher and brought to the road, where Cunningham performed a
preliminary examination and inserted an IV into the bear’s hind leg.
“Her pads are blistered,” Cunningham said. “Other than being dehydrated, she
looks like she’s in pretty good shape for coming through the fire.”
|FWC veterinarian Dr. Mark
Cunningham examines the sow. FWC photos by Karen Parker
The cub, however, presented a different problem.
“Mom probably ‘woofed’ her up that tree, and she was not going to come down
anytime soon,” Cunningham said.
The plan was to bring the sow back under the tree and see if the cub would come
down to join her. The mother bear was brought back into the woods with her IV
bag hanging from a burnt limb. After another 20 minutes, the cub still hadn’t
Cunningham decided to take the sow to the University of Florida veterinary
school. Officers helped him load her into the back of his truck.
“I want to get her in the air conditioning,” Cunningham told co-rescuers. “But
to keep her under (sedated), I’m going to give her additional drugs before
To get the cub out of the tree, officers and biologists came up with an
assortment of ideas.
“We have to come up with ‘Plan B,’” Garrison said.
The new plan involved clearing the area around the cub’s tree and moving in a
bucket truck that could reach the cub. The FWC made calls, and heavy equipment
rolled into the area. A road was dug to the tree and the area around the cub’s
pine was cleared. During the clearing operation, the cub climbed even higher
into the tree.
“She picked the tallest tree in this section of forest,” Garrison said.
Columbia County Public Works brought in a bucket truck. After a quick lesson on
how to operate the controls, Garrison went up after the cub. He was three feet
short of being able to reach the animal.
“I have a jab stick. If I could get close enough, I could sedate her. However, I
just can’t reach her,” Garrison said.
The dart gun was the next option. The first three darts bounced off the cub’s
“The problem is that the cub is so small, she doesn’t have enough fat on her for
the dart to stick,” Garrison said. “I’m going to have to try a more powerful
The new dart injected enough drugs into the cub to put her to sleep. She slid
down the tree and landed in a tarp FWC officers were holding around the base of
“She was so light,” said Lt. Tim Kiss, training officer. “There really wasn’t
any weight at all when she was in the tarp.”
Elina Garrison, research biologist at the FWC’s Gainesville lab, estimated the
cub’s age at about 3 ˝ months and determined that the cub was a female.
“She’s very small and underweight,” Garrison said. “She’s probably dehydrated as
well. We’re going to have to get some fluids into her.”
The cub was loaded into a wooden box and placed in the biologists’ truck for
transport to the veterinary school.
“There are a number of people to thank for assistance in this rescue,” said Maj.
Bruce Hamlin, regional law enforcement commander for the North Central Region.
“In addition to all the FWC officers who were on scene all day with the bears,
we had help from a variety of agencies.
“I’d like to thank Mike Minton and Randy Sherrouse from the Columbia County Fire
Department; Paul McCeithon and Wayne Ragans, Columbia County Public Works, who
ran the bucket truck; Pat Raulerson from The Forestry Company; and Jack Kennedy
and David Lyles, from MA Rigony in Perry, who cleared the area in their
skidders,” Hamlin said.
He said “A unique crisis like this almost always calls for unusual partnerships
and expertise to reach a timely and successful conclusion. We all worked
together to make this happen.”
After the bears are rehabilitated at UF, they will be released. Officials are in
the process of determining where the release will occur.
19, 2007 Update on Bugaboo Bears >
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